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The role of NGOs in development cannot be over emphasized, previous studies only discussed on the NGO’s roles in development without much emphasis on their sustainability. Thus, this study focuses on corporate funding and sustainability of NGOs in Africa. Qualitative research was used, 19 informants were interviewed. The result shows that NGOs in third world face many problems, ranging from funding, lack of time, poverty, illiteracy and lack of mobilization contributed to limited activities of NGOs in third world. The paper recommends increase in participation, investment in education and creation of awareness.
This study contributes in the existing literature by filling the gap on sustainability of Non- Governmental Organizations in Africa. Previous studies only discussed on development of NGOs.
A Negative Rational Pigs Game and its Applications to Website Management
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In order to study the balance relation between individual interests and its negative effects, based on a simple rational pigs game to allow robbing food whose negative game system is given by the axiomatic method. The research results are that a system regulation-free will lead to malignant states due to individuals’ immediate interests and that in a system with regulation, a bad equilibrium situation can change into a equilibrium situation with the best public welfare by adjusting some indices. An application to website management shows that the conclusion of this paper conforms to actual situations.
This paper establishes a new axiomatic theory on rational pigs game which is a negative game of a rational pigs game to allow robbing food. The theory can be used to control and to adjust players’ the selfish behavior to injure the public interest to benefit their own private interest.