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Listing 23 - 20 of 1962 results.

Genetic Evaluation and Activity of Antifungal against Clinical Isolates Candida Albicans Biofilms

Research Article
Author(s): Jaqueline Derissi Braz, Nayla De Souza Pitangui, Caetano Toshiro Yamashita, Ana Marisa Fusco-Almeida, Maria José Soares Mendes-Giannini, Janaina De Cássia Orlandi Sardi
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
 Candida yeasts are common in the oral cavity and can cause candidosis in the presence of predisposing factors, especially diabetes. The manifestation of the disease is related to this set of local factors such as the presence of dental prostheses, salivary pH, salivary flow and tobacco and the ability to form biofilms. Biofilms are specific and organized communities of cells under the control of signaling molecules rather than random accumulations of cells resulting from cell division and frequently are drugs resistance.  Aim: The objectives of this study were to determine the genetic patterns of these C. albicans isolates and to evaluate the in vitro activity amphotericin B and caspofungin against C. albicans biofilms. Methods: Microbial samples were collected from subgingival sites and seeded in CHROMagar for subsequent identification of C. albicans by PCR. Genotypes were defined based on the identification of the transposable introns in the 25S rDNA by PCR. Results: In this study, 6 strains were identified as C. albicans and of these, 3 strains were genotype A and 3 were genotype B. The results showed that both amphotericin B and caspofungin exhibited strong antifungal activities against C. albicans biofilm formation and inhibiting the biofilm formation ranging from 70.8 – 95.3% and 77.7 - 88.7%, respectively. The antifungals studied had low inhibitory effect on preformed   biofims, ranging from 39.5 - 50.8% for amphotericin B and from 23.1 - 36.9% for caspofungin at the same concentration. The activity of the two drugs was most effective in inhibit biofilm formation. 
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in existent in literature, demonstrating that clinical isolates that deserve special attention in connection with the difficulty of treatment. 
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 10-2014 Issue: 10

Does the Propolis Reinforce the Autoclaved Bone Allograft and Does it Have an Immunomodulation Effect?

Research Article
Author(s): Abdellatif Boudra
Journal: International Journal of Advances in Life Science and Technology

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Abstract
The loss of bone substance in diaphyseal region of long bones is a common problem faced by veterinarian orthopedic surgeon. In order to recover from cortical bone defect our study proposes to implant an autoclaved orthotopic allograft of one centimeter length and compares effects of covered and uncovered bones with propolis in the femoral diaphysis under general anesthesia and sterile condition.  The experiment involved eight adult dogs, from local breed and different sex; split into two groups. An autoclaved allograft without propolis was implanted for the first animals group (control group ) then the same graft  has been implanted to the second animals group.The aim of our study is to determine whether the propolis resin can diminish the fragility of autoclaved allografts that was confirmed by the resistance of the graft covered with propolis even once the osteosynthesis material is removed and if the autoclaved grafts covered by the propolis used in our experiments have not suffered resorption despite the intensity of the immune response during the first month.The results show that all grafts covered with propolis remained unbroken and have not suffered  of the resorption problems.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which has investigated both phenomena resorption and fragility of the autoclaved allograft. Extract propolis purchased was used in vivo and its advantages were highlighted 
Physical Sciences » International Journal of Advances in Life Science and Technology » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 2

Study of Inhibition of Apha6 Gene in Acinetobacter Baumanii by Satureja and Thyme Essence with Rt-Pcr Technique

Research Article
Author(s): Hossein Saghi, Abbas Bahador, Davoud Esmaeili
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
Increasing isolation of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR) has been reported in worldwide and it is recently one of the most difficult nosocomial acquired gram-negative pathogens to control and treatment.These bacteria are one of ESBL producing that great potential have for the rapid development of antibiotic resistance. The indecorous use of antibiotics is often associated with adverse effects on the human health.Because of Satureja and Thyme essence has antimicrobial properties so they can be used against infections caused by MDR Acinetobacter baumannii. With attention to increase in population and tendency to lesser use of synthetic drugs, many of these of medicinal herbs have been replaced. The present study was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of Satureja khuzestaniea and Thyme essence against the expression of antibiotic resistance genes aphA-6 and compare to Housekeeping DNA gyraseA in strains of Acinetobacter baumannii with RT-PCR Technique. The major components of Satureja khuzestaniea essence were carvacrol (90.88%), ?-cymene (3.11%), ? terpinene (1.24%), linalool (0.91%) and Thyme essence were thymol (28.8%) and carvacrol (23.46%). Satureja khuzestaniea with MIC (0.3 ?l / ml)  and Thyme with MIC (0.45?l / ml) has the effect of reducing the expression of antibiotic resistance genes aphA-6 but these are essence no inhibitory effect on the housekeeping DNA Gyrase-A gene. This study indicated that these are essence have inhibitory effects against gene expression of antibiotic resistance aphA-6 with high MIC. Because these are essence has a good inhibitory effect against MDR Acinetobacter baumanii and, aphA-6 gene expression so it can be used as therapeutic complementary no side effects against this bacterium.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding that Thyme essence has exciting properties for gene silence and can introduce it as complementary treatment.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 9

A Comparative and Corelative Study On Body Composition and Motor Performance of 14 Years Old Boys of Four Different Altitudes of Darjeeling District

Research Article
Author(s): Jyan Chandra Gurung, Krishna Banerjee
Journal: Journal of Sports Research

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Abstract
The purpose of the study was to find out the difference in Body composition (skinfolds) and motor performance of 14 years old boys of Darjeeling. The samples are school students. Researcher had taken 100 male students each from Sukhia Pokhari Higher Secondary School (Alt.-7200 ft.), Trunbull higher Secondary school (Alt.-6700 ft.), Jnanpith High school(Alt.-3000 ft.) and Kadamtala High School(Alt.-430 ft.). Researcher had measured height and weight as personal data measured skinfolds of triceps, biceps, subscapular, supra spinale, iliac creast and medial calf for body composition. 50 mt. dash, shuttle run, standing broad jump and sit ups were motor performance parameters.It has been observed that there were significant differences in medial calf skinfold thickness, agility and strength endurance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature as very few anthropometrical researches had conducted in the hilly area of Darjeeling. This study uses new estimation methodology and tried to provide the unbiased and exact findings. It is a thrust area of research as there are differences in anthropometric and motor variation due to altitude difference. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that how difference in anthropometric and motor difference occurs with increases or decreases in altitude and to set the physical education programme according to the need of the students living at different altitudes.
Physical Sciences » Journal of Sports Research » Month: 03-2014 Issue: 1

Investigation on Annealed Behaviour in the Powder of Cerium Oxide Nanostructures

Research Article
Author(s): B. Sathyaseelan, V. Anbarasu, A. Manigandan, K. Sivakumar
Journal: International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research

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Abstract
In this study, CeO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by a microwave-assisted method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller method and UV- visible spectroscopy. Results show that the annealed temperature significantly affected the crystalline nature, particle size, and optical properties of the processed CeO2 nanoparticles. The XRD spectra indicate that the CeO2 crystal has a pure cubic structure. TEM images agreement with the XRD data shown that the average size of the nanoparticles. The optical properties of the samples are investigated by measuring the UV-VIS absorption at room temperature. With increasing annealed temperature the band gap of the samples remains almost same, and the size of the particles increases. 
Contribution/ Originality


Chemistry & Materials Sciences » International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research » Month: 11-2014 Issue: 11

Developing Pre-Service Teachers Awareness and Change of Gender-Oriented Perceptions

Research Article
Author(s): Eti Gilad
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Studies of gender still indicate lack of equal opportunities between the genders as well as gaps prevalent in the education system. Creating an equalitarian culture at school obliges teachers and certainly pre-service teachers to examine their attitudes before inculcating values of equality to their learners. This study aims to explore pre-service teachers’ awareness of gender-oriented issues and find whether their gender perceptions have changed following attendance of the ’Gender and Education’ annual course. The study was conducted according to a qualitative approach and the research population consisted of18pre-service teachers. The research tool consisted of a semi-structured in-depth interview. A qualitative content analysis was performed according to Schein’s model. The findings illustrate changes in the level of pre-service teachers’ knowledge and competences, self-awareness, dialogue with the environment and behaviour. Moreover, the pre-service teachers’ awareness of gender issues and importance of offering equal opportunities to both genders were enhanced.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding that gender stereotypes still exist among pre-service teachers. It is therefore important to integrate gender studies into teacher education programs. Developing pre-service teachers` awareness and changing gender stereotyped thinking, will enable future teachers to educate for gender equality and social justice.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 11-2014 Issue: 11

Quality Assurance in Curriculum Implementation of Accounting Courses in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions

Research Article
Author(s): Michael Chidiebere Ekwe, Chigozie Kenneth Abuka
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Effective teaching and learning have been identified to significantly depend on the degree of quality assurance in the teaching methods as well as the adequacy of the course curriculum. This paper therefore, appraises the degree of quality assurance in the teaching of accounting courses in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. It aims at ascertaining the adequacy of accounting curriculum among the tertiary institutions in the country and to ascertain the extent of quality assurance of the lecturers. It adopted the descriptive research design and data were generated from accounting lecturers and operators of education in the country by means of questionnaire. The data analysis was conducted by mean scores and standard deviation of the responses. The hypotheses were tested using the students’ t-test statistics. The result of the analysis reveals that the teaching methodology used by accounting lecturers is rarely evaluated. Most lecturers still used traditional methods of teaching accounting which neither enhances students’ neither learning nor interest in the course. Also the results show that the accounting curriculum is adequate. Finally, the result reveals that many of the accounting lecturers are not computer literate especially on modern methods and packages in accounting. It was therefore recommended that the Ministry of Education in conjunction with the supervising agencies should ensure regular training of accounting lecturers by organizing in-service training programmes. Also to involve accounting lecturers in the curriculum planning and development for the accounting courses and regularly carry out a review of the accounting curriculum to ensure that modern topics in accounting are brought into the curriculum. Finally, a close supervision of the lecturers is important to ensure that the accounting curriculum is adequately covered.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature, being the first empirical investigation of the quality assurance in the curriculum of accounting courses in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The study primarily finds and documents that regular review of accounting curriculum is essential for producing high quality accounting graduates that will easily adapt to the ever changing business world.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 12-2014 Issue: 12

Quality Management Practices towards Customer Satisfaction in Local Authority Public Services Website

Research Article
Author(s): Ahmad Abdul Nadzir Romli, Syuhaida Ismail
Journal: International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research

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Abstract
Malaysian national government undertook a comprehensive initiative in total quality management (TQM) that led to extensive implementation of TQM process in many of the government agencies. However, after more than 20 years of the ‘Excellence Work Culture’ program has been launched, the performance of local governments in Malaysia still receives much criticisms and complaints, suggesting the inability of these institutions in delivering high quality services to meet the expectation of public at large. Hence, this paper investigates the effectiveness of such program via its objectives of determining the current implementation of Quality Management Systems (QMS) at local governments’ organization and evaluating the effect towards the improvement of the Malaysian public service organization. This paper adopts questionnaire survey, websites observations and interviews as its research methodology. Respondents are selected from the people that involved as customers in Kuala Kangsar Municipal Council public services website. There are various backgrounds of people such as executives, non-executives and self-employs. Questionnaire forms were sent out to 100 people throughout Kuala Kangsar. From 63 copies of usable questionnaire, the overall service quality is rating agreeable. The assurance dimension has the highest gap difference between perception and expectation. However, overall results have high expectation on all dimensions of quality management practices towards customer satisfaction in Kuala Kangsar Municipal Council public services website. The outcomes of the study will help local governments in Malaysia understanding better for a process that leads to continual improvements in the organization that, in turn, result in customer satisfaction.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 3

Space Tourism in Malaysia: A Strategic Move to Boost the Space Industry?

Research Article
Author(s): Ahmad Ammar Ahmad Termizi
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
The move to bring space tourism into Malaysia is not something new to the country.  The idea has caught the attention of the mass media way before the successful return of our Angkasawan Negara.  The hype of this idea is not of the interest of this paper.  This paper is more fascinated to understand the relationship between space tourism and space industry.  Thus, this paper aims to study the possible implications of space tourism to the development of space industry in Malaysia.  The study is basically undertaken based on papers written locally and internationally in regards to the topic.  Analyses are made thereupon to deduce all possible implications and hence leading to the final conclusion.  This paper will suggest the right stand that Malaysia should take in dealing with space tourism proposals. 
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the relationship between space tourism and space industry especially in Malaysian climate.  This study will be a useful reference for policy maker in Malaysia and other relevant countries in dealing with space tourism proposals with respect to space industry development.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 12-2014 Issue: 2

Diagnosis of the Process of Building Relationships between Customer and Company and Company and Employee

Research Article
Author(s): Lukasz Skowron, Marcin Gasior
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
In the article the authors address the problem of the growing significance of measuring intangible assets of an organization and its increasing influence on the market position of companies. Within the set of intangible assets of an organization the authors focus on the problems of measuring employee motivation and customer satisfaction. As the results of these studies show, by nature non-quantifiable issues are key aspects of building market position of the twenty-first century company. To make an accurate diagnosis of the issues discussed in the work the authors present structural equation modelling method (SEM), as an effective tool for the presentation of the process of building complex marketing phenomena such as both employee motivation and customer satisfaction. Presented in this paper the results of our’ own studies show (in the measurement of employee motivation and customer satisfaction) performed SEM modeling confirm the high efficacy of these tools in the area of measuring the phenomena studied with the determination of the main success factors within the analyzed issues. The results show that the structural equation modeling is now regarded as the most advanced and simultaneously accurate method of measurement within the analysis of intangible assets of an organisation. Thanks to the structural equation modelling investigator obtains the exact knowledge about the perception of the company by its main stakeholders (internal - employees or external - customers), so it can match the management of the company to meet the needs and expectations of the market, which in in the strategic perspective, ensures the company sustainable competitive advantage and strong market position.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature, which deals with the usage of the SEM modeling in examination of the complex marketing phenomenon building processes. Presented researches proofs that the described methodology can be treated as the highly efficient diagnostic tool which enables managers to preciously determine the main success factors of both customers satisfaction and employee motivation building processes. 
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 9

Improving the Perceived Quality of Private Brands Using Co-Branding: The Role of Brand Equity and Store Image

Research Article
Author(s): Shihyi Chien, Chiahui Yu, Yichuan Wang, Pao-Le Kuo
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
Private brands are typically regarded as lower quality products because of their lower price. Co-branding could be an effective strategy for retailers because it can enhance the quality image of a private brand. This study investigated the effects of the brand equity of national brands and store image on the consumers’ quality perceptions and purchase intentions toward co-branded private brands. We conducted a survey of 354 consumers with purchase experience in a leading convenience store chain in Taiwan. We found that the brand equity of national brands and store image both affect quality perceptions and purchase intentions for co-branded products. We also found that store image has not only an indirect effect on purchase intention through quality perception, but also a direct effect on purchase intention. However, brand equity has only an indirect effect on purchase intention through quality perception.
Contribution/ Originality


Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 9

A Multidimensional Structure of Shopping Centre Visit Objectives - An European Consumers Perspective

Research Article
Author(s): Marcin Gasior, Lukasz Skowron
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
Nowadays, one can observe significant, and, more importantly, constant shifts in numerous areas of consumer behaviour, especially those related to purchase processes and buyers’ attitudes toward shopping. With the grow of societies’ wealth and development levels, shopping becomes more a part of a lifestyle and a way of spending time, than a means of satisfying vital, elementary needs. Such situation resulted in tangible change in the role and the strategy of retail places and malls, and directly leaded to the concepts like leisure shopping.The purpose of this paper is to analyse the possible reasons for visiting shopping centres and malls as well as selected attitudes towards shopping. Such analysis made it possible to assess the significance and relevance of different objectives of the visit as well as to evaluate the existence and the size of the continuum between two approaches towards shopping, defined as: (a) strictly pragmatic, and (b) leisure and social experience. The study was conducted on the quota sample of 1375 polish consumers, who had visited a shopping centre in the recent months.The obtained results clearly show that, contrary to common belief, one cannot assume the existence of the consumers’ inclination towards one of abovementioned approaches, although some correlation with age and gender has been observed. Moreover, the adaptation of clustering methods (expectation-maximisation algorithm) made it possible to prove the existence of different, yet internally coherent groups of consumers, displaying different combinations of the perceived significance of evaluated reasons and objectives of the visit.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated detailed reasons and objectives of visiting shopping centers. Moreover, it presents the differences in the structure of aforementioned objectives in different types of consumers. 
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 10-2014 Issue: 10

Cumulative Average Abnormal Return and Semistrong Form Efficiency Testing in Indonesian Equity Market over Restructuring Issue

Research Article
Author(s): Faizil Ikram, Anggoro Budi Nugroho
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
Efficient market hypothesis is important in finance. Investors will expect superior gains from their investment strategies with respect to the risk profile. Event study is an approach to assess the impact of the information on the stock prices. If the market is efficient, the price of securities will be adjusted quickly to the announcement day. The objective of this study is to test the efficiency of Indonesian Stock Market in semi-strong form with respect to 19 recent merger announcements since year 2000.  In order to analyze the effect of the announcement, Event Study Methodology is conducted by calculating the Abnormal Returns (AR) of each stock, Average Abnormal Returns (AAR), and Cumulative Abnormal Return (CAR) 30 days prior to the merger announcement and 30 days after the merger announcement (event window). To calculate the Abnormal Return, market model is employed by regressing the daily stock return with the corresponding market return on the estimation period. Parametric and non-parametric test on the AAR is used to test for efficiency. The findings from this research is that Indonesian stock market is efficient in semi-strong form in the case of merger announcements. 
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the efficiency of Indonesian stock market in semi-strong form in the case of successful merger announcements. Event study is conducted to analyze the efficiency which uses the market model approach to calculate the abnormal return in the determined timeframe. Both, parametric and non-parametric test are being used to test for market efficiency.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 9

Effective Tax Administration and Institutionalization of Accounting Systems in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises: Evidence from Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Ogoun Stanley
Journal: Journal of Empirical Studies

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Abstract
The study investigated the role of effective tax administration in institutionalizing accounting systems in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria against the backdrop of the prevalence of poor accounting systems in this sector. Data was obtained from SME operators and staff of the internal revenue agencies like the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) and State Boards of Internal Revenue (SBIRs) as applicable in Nigeria.  The econometric e-view was used to analyze the data so obtained, and it was observed that the lack of an effective tax administrative system which undermines the collection of profit tax from the operators of this sector accounts to a large extent for the non institutionalization of accounting systems SMEs in Nigeria. The study also identified several variables that militate against the establishment of an effective tax administrative system in the country. Accordingly the study advocated the need to build strong institutions, enact appropriate laws and implement stiffer penalties for defaulters. This should be predicated on the basis of an enhanced citizens’ confidence in the government and its institutions, which can be attained through the enthronement of fiscal transparency and accountability framework and good governance that has the capacity for building trust thereby enhancing voluntary compliance with tax laws. 
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing literature accounting systems of SMEs. This study used new estimation methodology via econometric e-view analyses and SPSS. This study is one of very few studies which have examined the hypothesized relationship and primarily contributes to addressing challenges of financial management by SMEs in developing countries. 
Economics » Journal of Empirical Studies » Month: 06-2014 Issue: 2

Coaching in Action Research

Research Article
Author(s): Norasmah Othman, Swee Yee Chia
Journal: Journal of Empirical Studies

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Abstract
Action research is a systematic activity implemented by educators in improving the teaching and learning process.  However, its implementation is time consuming.  As a result, most educators are not able to conduct action research, even though it is often recommended by the administration.  The failure in implementation is mostly due to time constraints, educators’ workload, and also the lack of skills and knowledge of action research itself.  This paper will discuss a method that educators can apply to action research, known as coaching.  Coaching will be discussed using Kolb’s Model as a model for action research.  The flow of action research implementation will also be discussed in detail.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by providing a detailed overview of how coaching method is implemented in action research using the Kolb Cycle Model, an action research cycle which comprises four phases: Review, Learn, Apply and Do.
Economics » Journal of Empirical Studies » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 3

The Association Between Corporate Risk Disclosure and Firm Performance in Emerging Country – The Case of Egypt

Research Article
Author(s): Marwa Abdel Razek
Journal: Journal of Empirical Studies

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Abstract
 The aim of this paper is to investigate the association between corporate risk disclosure and firm performance (ROA, ROE, and ESP), Using SPSS statistical, results show that there is  an insignificant association between liquidity risk, interest  rate risk,   credit risk, exchange rate and  firm profitability.This study is restricted to examine one year annual report 2013, exclude financial sector due to their specific law and rules and sample size  on the other hand, this research paper is limited to investigating  the association between risk disclosure mainly financial risk, liquidity risk  and profitability.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to literature in many reasons:
Firstly, in line with Mousa at al 2013,  Vandemelle 2009 documents that there is a negative relationship between  corporate risk disclosure and profitability 
Secondly, this paper is one of very few studies which investigate the determinants of corporate risk disclosure in an Arab country (Egypt)
Thirdly, this study use EPS  for measure profitability 
Finally, this study encourages accounting setters to improve risk disclosure practice which could affect decisions making  


Economics » Journal of Empirical Studies » Month: 09-2014 Issue: 3

Moderating Effect of Demographics on Monetary Motivation and Employees Job Performance Relationship: Evidence from Malaysia

Research Article
Author(s): Mak Met, Ibrahim Ali
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Abstract
This study investigated the moderating effect of demographic factors (age, gender, education level, tenure, and job level) on the relationship between monetary motivation and employees’ job performance at oil and gas offshore production facilities in Malaysia. The outcomes of this study provide useful insight that could influence company’s performance management, resourcing and talent management strategies and policies. Data were collected using self-administered survey questionnaire from 341 employees at oil and gas offshore production facilities of selected companies in Malaysia. Convenience sampling method was used. Quantitative data analyses, which included descriptive, reliability, and inferential analyses were performed using the Statistical Product and Service Solution 21. At the .05 level, the results of the General Linear Model univariate analysis of variance showed that there was a significant moderating effect of tenure and job level on the relationship between monetary motivation and employees’ job performance while gender did not show any significant moderating effect. Age and education level showed weak moderating effect. Employees with tenure of 31 years or more reported significantly higher job performance level compare to their younger counterparts with tenure of 10 years or less. Managers and supervisors scored significantly higher job performance level than technicians.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the moderating effect of demographic factors (age, gender, education level, tenure, and job level) on the relationship between monetary motivation and employee’s job performance in oil and gas industry in Malaysia.
Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 06-2014 Issue: 3

The Impact of Rice Production, Consumption and Importation in Nigeria: The Political Economy Perspectives

Research Article
Author(s): Terwase, Isaac Terungwa, Madu, Abdulrazak Yuguda
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Abstract
Nigeria’s population is estimated at 174, 507,539 with the annual growth rate of 2.54%. The country is endowed with enormous mineral and natural resources with vast land adjudged to be the most fertile and suitable for agriculture. Rice demand and consumption is high among its people irrespective of their region or culture. This paper attempts to investigate the level of the country’s production, consumption and importation of rice, with a view to establishing its impact on its economy and development. The methods adopted for obtaining data for the study were purely empirical and secondary. It was found amongst others that; while the level of production of rice is low, the consumption is high and its importation is highly inelastic. It was recommended that, deliberate attempts must be made by government in terms of policy to improve its agricultural base particularly in rice production not only as a substitute for its importation and domestic use, but export as well. This will go a long way in increasing foreign earnings, which can be replicated, and serve to complement the country’s economic growth and development.
Contribution/ Originality
i. This study contributes to the existing literatures on rice production and consumption in Nigeria on its development.
ii. It also contributes in unveiling the lopsidedness in Nigeria’s level of rice production with its domestic consumption and the high level of her dependency on rice importation as against export.


Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 08-2014 Issue: 4

Good Governance, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges

Research Article
Author(s): Okinono Otega, Mohammed Muneer’deen O. A
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Abstract
Good governance has always been an important issue in global development. Most third world countries have been identified by the World Bank as chronically groaning under the spell of under-development, rooted in corruption and bad leadership. Many ad-hoc solutions embarked upon by various International Organisations have proved insignificant in most African countries. The pseudo-development approaches based on the replication of western mode of development to the developing world have aroused suspicion that the mode of development in the West cannot be used as a basis for engineering growth in other parts of the world, particularly Nigeria. Many studies are conducted in Nigeria to explain how good governance leads to development and poverty alleviation, yet sufficient breakthrough is not achieved. There is need to explore why it is difficult for Nigeria to translate its economic development to enrich its people. This article examines the loopholes in the development priorities of various governments in Nigeria. It is timely based on the recent IMF statistics that Nigeria is now the largest economy in Africa. It examines the impact of development and good governance on poverty alleviation in Nigeria; seeking to explore the potency and place of good governance in poverty alleviation in the largest country in Africa. Relevant literatures were reviewed to closely examine the gap, which ultimately provides rationale for conducting the research. The study, based on the established rapport between good governance, development and poverty, examines the relevance to the Nigeria case. It is therefore premised on the conviction that the three concepts are inevitably intertwined and thus if properly integrated can be employed in studying Nigerian situation and used in the alleviation of poverty.
Contribution/ Originality
The primary contribution of this paper is finding that discussions on good governance, rural development and poverty management are relevant to Nigeria as the most recently ascertained ‘the largest economy in Africa’; contributing in the existing literature on good governance, rural development and poverty alleviation as applied mostly on Nigeria.
Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 08-2014 Issue: 4

Some Modified Linear Regression Type Ratio Estimators for Estimation of Population Mean Using Known Parameters of an Auxiliary Variable

Research Article
Author(s): J. Subramani, G. Kumarapandiyan, S. Balamurali
Journal: Journal of Building Construction, Planning and Materials Research

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Abstract
The present paper deals with modified linear regression type ratio estimators for estimation of population mean of the study variable when the Kurtosis, Skewness, population correlation coefficient and quartiles of the auxiliary variable are known. The bias and the mean squared error of the proposed estimators are derived and are compared with that of simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR) sample mean, the usual ratio estimator and the existing modified linear regression type ratio estimators. As a result, we have derived the conditions for which the proposed estimators perform better than the other existing estimators.  Further the performance of the proposed estimators with that of the existing estimators are assessed for a natural population. From the numerical study it is observed that the proposed modified ratio estimators perform better than the existing estimators. 
Contribution/ Originality


Engineering » Journal of Building Construction, Planning and Materials Research » Month: 03-2014 Issue: 1