Journal of Diagnostics

Published by: Asian Medical Journals
Online ISSN: 2409-322X
Print ISSN: 2413-8371
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No. 1

Retrospective Study on Outcome of In-Patient Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Jimma University Specialized Hospital from September 2011-September 2012

Pages: 18-27
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Retrospective Study on Outcome of In-Patient Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Jimma University Specialized Hospital from September 2011-September 2012

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.18.27

Citation: 2

Chalachew Misganaw , Metasebia Mesfin , Megdelawit Tesfaye , Andualem Derese

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Chalachew Misganaw , Metasebia Mesfin , Megdelawit Tesfaye , Andualem Derese (2014). Retrospective Study on Outcome of In-Patient Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Jimma University Specialized Hospital from September 2011-September 2012. Journal of Diagnostics, 1(1): 18-27. DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.18.27
Background: Malnutrition often affects young children and contributes to more than 60% of deaths in children in developing countries. Aggressive hospital based management of sever acute malnutrition is recommended to meet the acceptable standards regarding outcome of the treatment. This study aimed to assess the treatment outcome of severely malnourished children treated in Jimma university specialized hospital (JUSH).
Methods: Retrospective reviews of charts of severely malnourished children admitted at JUSH from September 2011 to September 2012 were made. In this study, a total of 173 cards were selected using systematic sampling technique. The numbers of discharges cured, defaulted, and average length of stay in days (d) were reviewed. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to identify and control potential confounders. P-value < 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Of 173 cases of malnutrition, 53.2% (92) had kwashiorkor and 30% (52) were Marasmic cases. Of the total, 87% (152) were cured while 5.8% (10) had died. The average length of stay was around 21 days. The study revealed significant association between age distribution and type and outcome of malnutrition. Association is also evident between presence of associated medical illness and duration of stay (p < 0.05).
Conclusion and recommendation: In conclusion, the overall recovery, defaulter and mortality rates were within the acceptable range of sphere standards. Thus, the in-patient program was effective. However, more should be done to improve treatment outcome along with duration of stay by working aggressively on management of medical associated problems.

Contribution/ Originality
CM conceived and designed the study. He also wrote the paper. MT. MM and AD contributed in the conduct and analysis of the study. All of the authors have read and approved the manuscript.

Application of Saliva as Diagnostic Bio-Fluid- An Overview

Pages: 13-17
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Application of Saliva as Diagnostic Bio-Fluid- An Overview

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.13.17

Citation: 2

Manu Rathee , Mohaneesh Bhoria

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Manu Rathee , Mohaneesh Bhoria (2014). Application of Saliva as Diagnostic Bio-Fluid- An Overview. Journal of Diagnostics, 1(1): 13-17. DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.13.17
Saliva, a biologic fluid, recently has been a boon in the field of diagnostic science, as the  presence of viable biomarkers in saliva elaborate its applications in multiplexed assays, disease diagnosis, clinical monitoring and for clinical decisions of patient care.  Application of saliva in diagnosis is undeniable as ease in sample collection and conventional procedure. This article provides emerging evidence to provide an overview of salivary diagnostics in various fields of diagnosis and affirm its application as diagnostic Bio-Fluid.
Contribution/ Originality
This article documents a comprehensive overview of diagnostic application of noble bio-fluid i.e. saliva. It encompasses the information on utilization of saliva in myriad of diagnostic field, with advantages of being conventional and convenient, as per inclusion of recent literature.

Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years

Pages: 6-12
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Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.6.12

Citation: 1

Sachin Pawar , Vinod Shende , Satish Waghmare , MT Jivtode

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Sachin Pawar , Vinod Shende , Satish Waghmare , MT Jivtode (2014). Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years. Journal of Diagnostics, 1(1): 6-12. DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.6.12
The development of pulmonary function and growth of physical parameters are concurrent in children. Hence, measurement of lung function is essential for evaluation of physical development of children and adolescent with respiratory disease. A cross sectional study was conducted on 200 primary, middle and high school children of 5-15 years. Their anthropometric parameters and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were recorded and multiple regression equations for predicting PEFR from anthropometric variables were derived. Highly significant positive correlation (P<0.01) was observed between all the anthropometric and pulmonary parameters. Significantly high R2 values were found when age, height, weight, chest circumference, BSA and arm span were used as independent variables in the regression analysis. Thus, this study establishes reference standards for predicting PEFR in normal healthy children residing in Central India.  
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Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report

Pages: 1-5
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Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.1.5

Purnachandrarao Naik. N , Ravi Kiran. A , Samata. Y , Vijay kumar. A

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Purnachandrarao Naik. N , Ravi Kiran. A , Samata. Y , Vijay kumar. A (2014). Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report. Journal of Diagnostics, 1(1): 1-5. DOI: 10.18488/journal.98/2014.1.1/98.1.1.5
Dentigerous cyst is an epithelial-lined developmental crater that encloses the crown of an unerupted tooth at the cementoenamel junction. Bilateral or multiple dentigerous cysts are often associated with few syndromes. Even though dentigerous cysts are common developmental cysts, bilateral occurrence of dentigerous cysts are extremely uncommon and to date, only 22 cases have been reported in literature till 2011. In English based language literature review, we only found nine reports of non-syndromic bilateral dentigerous cyst associated with mandibular third molars. The present article report a case of bilateral non-syndromic, dentigerous cysts associated with inverted mandibular third molars in a 25 years old male patient with brief review of literature.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper contributes about the rare entity which is associated with various syndromes and systemic disorders, so careful examination and proper diagnosis is useful to rule out various systemic disorders & syndromes