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Noor Halilah Buari , Mardiah Farhana Azizan , Ai-Hong Chen (2015). Comparison of Reading Speed Using Malay Unrelated Word Reading Chart with Standardized English Reading Charts. International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 2(3): 55-61. DOI: 10.18488/journal.9/2015.2.3/126.96.36.199
The objective of this study was to compare the reading speed of Malay language unrelated words reading chart named the Universiti Teknologi MARA unrelated words (UiTM-Muw) reading chart with Colenbrander reading chart and MNRead acuity chart. The participants were asked to read three different reading charts at random order, aloud and as quickly as possible. The time taken to read each chart was recorded and any error made while reading was noted. Reading speed was quantified as correct words read in a minute (cwpm). Comparison of reading speed showed a significant difference in reading speed between UiTM-Muw reading chart and Colenbrander reading chart [t(98)=-16.79, p=0.001] as well as MNread acuity chart [t(98)=-18.72, p=0.001]. However, weak agreement was found between reading speed of UiTM-Muw reading chart with MNRead acuity chart (mean difference = -83.6 cwpm) and Colenbrander reading chart (mean difference = -81.9 cwpm). Hence, UiTM-Muw reading chart in Malay language was incomparable with standardized English reading chart.
Xerostomia in Geriatric Population: An Insight into Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management
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Manu Rathee , Mohaneesh Bhoria (2015). Xerostomia in Geriatric Population: An Insight into Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 2(3): 50-54. DOI: 10.18488/journal.9/2015.2.3/188.8.131.52
It is observed in geriatric population that a variety of changes occur with aging that can impact social, physiologic and psychological well being. Most people, however, experience a decrease or complete absence in salivary flow. Salivary dysfunction in old age is a consequence of debilitating systemic diseases and related medications, head and neck radiotherapy and reduced functional reserve that detrimentally impact nutritional status and general health. This article provides an overview on salivary gland hypofunction in geriatric population, etiopathogenesis and management strategies.
This compilation documents the causes and treatment of xerostomia among geriatric population in a comprehensive way.