Abdul-Kahar Adam (2018). The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 5(2): 68-97. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2018.52.68.97
This research is an applied research using both quantitative and qualitative techniques instrument developed (questionnaire) and it’s been conducted in a broader spectrum of constructs to give a bigger picture of the Public Administration problems and challenges faced by Ghana which gives an indication as to why Ghana is not achieving Good Governance status. A total of 65 questionnaires were distributed but only 55 respondents where gather from the target group of Ghana National Association of Teachers (GNAT) within the Tamale Metropolis. A scientific tool used to run this analysis is SmartPLS 3. This research measures the relationship of two variables with Partial Least Squares and Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM). The main purpose of this research is to make contributions to the underpinning Public Administration as the main driver in the discourse of achieving Good Governance for a country. The hypothesis is that Public Administration has positive relationship towards Good Governance of the country. The findings confirmed the hypothesis that Public Administration is significant to Good Governance positively based on both reflective and formative models. In this study many of the Good Governance constructs are positively reflective but the Public Administration constructs which consists of behavioural ethics and institutional performance status had conflicting results in terms of significance and some are very low in the outer loadings. Institutional failures under the Public Administration need to be looked at seriously by all stakeholders and adopt a way forward model. This research drew inspiration from a theory of Matei et al. (2016).
The paper contributes the first logical analysis of the importance of public administration towards achieving positive good governance since the study uses new scientific methodology to define relationships and their applicability. It is to inform stakeholders of the missing links for proper development decision-making of the poorer nations in Africa.
An Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oversight Committees: A Case of City of Johannesburg, Section 79 Committees
Michael Toyi Mokgari , O Pwaka (2018). An Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oversight Committees: A Case of City of Johannesburg, Section 79 Committees. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 5(2): 48-67. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2018.52.48.67
This research investigated the effectiveness of oversight committees in the City of Johannesburg, focussing on Section 79 committees which are constituted under Section 79 of the Municipal Structures Act, 1998, and which are tasked with performing oversight on departments. The problem with the separation of powers is that the performance and effectiveness of the oversight model in the City of Johannesburg Legislature (committees) has not been assessed and its performance level is still unknown. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the oversight model in holding the executive accountable. Interviews with thirteen respondents aided the researcher to gather valuable information, understanding, and insight, into the oversight model and its reporting function at the City of Johannesburg. The research findings show shortcomings in the oversight model, which include late reports, Executive absence from committee meetings, lack of tracking and implementation of committee resolutions, lack of political will and integrated reporting framework. The study recommends that the City of Johannesburg develop an integrated reporting framework in order to assess the efficacy of the oversight model by engaging the services of retired professionals. Also, the City should develop a booklet with all relevant legislation and policies for oversight purposes.
This study documents and highlights the shortcomings in the present oversight model which, since inception, have not been assessed. The programmes and objectives of the oversight committees have therefore not been effectively monitored and evaluated. These factors have hampered the effectiveness of the section 79 committees within the City of Johannesburg.
Public-Private Partnership as a Strategy for E-Governance Funding in Africa: The Gains and the Pains
Paul Chima , Umar Kasim (2018). Public-Private Partnership as a Strategy for E-Governance Funding in Africa: The Gains and the Pains. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 5(2): 37-47. DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2018.52.37.47
African countries have joined other continents across the globe to embrace e-governance as a strategy to provide with ease public services to her citizens. The quest for e-governance stems from the fact that the traditional means of providing public services have not yielded the utmost results needed. Thus, the earnest desires to use electronic means to provide public services for Africans. Making available these services effectively using ICTs demands the existence of some critical success factors. One of these factors to successfully accomplish the goals of e-governance projects is funding. However, e-governance projects are highly capital intensive and hence, often knotty for governments to foot the expenditures through the normal annual operating expenditure (budget). Financing e-governance using the normal annual budgetary approach rarely guarantees solid funding. In view of the global financial and economic crisis facing many countries which have actually affected their budget execution, most government the world over have resorted to financing e-governance using several alternatives such as public private partnership (PPP). Although, no robust statistical analysis was done as the article relied qualitative approach with emphasis on archival analysis of relevant literature on the subject matter and inferences drawn from it. This paper infers from the documentary analysis that PPP has numerous potential gains to cushion the effects of the financial and economic crisis and that it is capable of making the implementation of e-governance projects a reality in African. However, the paper also reveals that despite its viability as an alternative measure to financing e-governance projects in Africa just as obtainable in other climes, it is imperative to address some latent limitations of PPP in order to seamlessly enhance its implementation in e-governance projects in Africa.
The paper is one of the few studies that investigated how public-private partnership was used to finance e-governance projects in some selected African countries.