Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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No. 1

Perception of Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension in Fogera Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Pages: 21-34
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Perception of Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension in Fogera Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

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Azanaw Abebe , Merkuz Abera

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Azanaw Abebe , Merkuz Abera (2014). Perception of Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension in Fogera Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 1(1): 21-34. DOI:
Gender is a key analytic category for understanding global economic processes and gender mainstreaming is the core strategy to eliminate gender inequalities. Despite the increasing appreciation of gender and gender mainstreaming which is decisive for women and men equal participation in development, the concept of gender mainstreaming is not always understood in the same fashion. Perception of gender mainstreaming by various community members in the agriculture sector is not known. This study was designed to heave light on the perception gender concern in Agricultural sector which include workers and farmers. Two stage sampling procedure was employed to select 4 Peasant Associations (PA’s) out of 27 PA’s in the Woreda and 140 sample households from these 4 PA’s using simple random sampling techniques. In addition, 22 Agriculture and Rural Development workers were selected by using simple random sampling methods irrespective of sex. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were described, interpreted and appreciated. Likert type scales were developed to measure both types of perceptual statements. The findings indicated that lack of clear ideas on the concepts of gender and gender mainstreaming among Agricultural and Rural Development workers. There was a significant difference between farmers and Agricultural and Rural Development workers regarding their perception towards gender and gender mainstreaming, moderately female farmers have higher degree of perception than male farmers in rural areas. Relatively female workers have higher degree of perception than male workers in Agricultural and Rural Development workers. Agricultural and rural development workers and farmers in general should be exposed to intensive gender sensitization and training on improving outreach to female farmers. 
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Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants

Pages: 6-20
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Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants

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Erna Elisabeth Bach , Eliana Rodrigues , Noemir Antoniazzi , Nilsa SumieYamashita Wadt

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Erna Elisabeth Bach , Eliana Rodrigues , Noemir Antoniazzi , Nilsa SumieYamashita Wadt (2014). Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 1(1): 6-20. DOI:
Spot blotch is caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana, and is the most deleterious disease for the producers. To control the disease, fungicides have been used that can impact the environment and human health. One method to eliminate these drawbacks is promoting induced protection. This study investigated the use of aqueous allicin extract as a biological control of B.sorokiniana or as an inducer of protection in barley plants (Embrapa BRS 195) against the pathogen under greenhouse conditions and also evaluated the possible mechanisms. Results demonstrated that induction was shown to have local and systemic action but don’t have biological control in concentration of 0.097 to 0.97 µg /mL of allicin.
In order to prove the resistance effect, biochemical analyses were performed to quantify proteins, phenols and the enzymatic activity of beta-glucanase. Barley plants when treated with aqueous allicin extract, showed an increased in the concentration of proteins, as well in activity of the enzyme beta-glucanase, when compared with the extract from healthy plants. In infected plants, protein concentrations decreased and enzymatic activity was lower than in healthy plants. Biochemical analyses indicated that p-coumaric acid, benzoic acid, caffeic acid and salicylic acid increased in treated barley plants. In conclusion, allicin can act as a potential elicitor that can be used as an alternative for diseases control. It’s less dependent on chemical compounds, with a lower cost and causing less damage to the environment. The acting mechanism depends on the increase of salicylic acid and presence of other molecules (glucanase, proteins).


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Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012

Pages: 1-5
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Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012

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Sabir Gul Khattak , Zahid Saleem , Muhammad Ilyas , Niaz Muhammad , Javed Iqbal , Muhammad Khan , Zahid Iqbal , Fahim Ullah Khan

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Sabir Gul Khattak , Zahid Saleem , Muhammad Ilyas , Niaz Muhammad , Javed Iqbal , Muhammad Khan , Zahid Iqbal , Fahim Ullah Khan (2014). Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 1(1): 1-5. DOI:
Experimental site had pH value of 7.44 with electrical conductivity of 0.14 dS/cm. Soil was alkaline, strongly calcareous (21.25% CaCO3), deficient in organic matter, nitrogen & phosphorus and adequate in potassium. It has no problem of salinity and is clay loam in texture. The grain yield was significantly increased due to different fertilizer combinations. The highest grain yield of 2133 kg ha-1was recorded by applying Nitrophos+UREA+K2SO4 @ 90-60-30 kg ha-1 followed by 1933 and 1900 kg ha-1 obtained by applying DAP+ Ammonium sulfate+ Potassium sulfate combinations and DAP+URAE+K2SO4combinations respectively.
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