Rosana Mazaro (2018). Outside in, Inside Out: Tourism Competitiveness and Brazilian Strategy Analysis. Journal of Tourism Management Research, 5(1): 68-80. DOI: 10.18488/journal.31.2018.51.68.80
The paper identifies and characterizes the Brazilian strategy to cope with the international competitiveness in tourism as well as implementation of the governance mechanisms suitable for regions and destination in the country. This research is a case study using qualitative analysis and descriptive results. Investigative procedures adopted the methods of the documents content analysis and specialised bibliography. It is used the T&TCI-WEF series secondary data sources for analysis “Outside In” and the ICTN-MTUR for “Inside Out” analysis. The comparison between both shows symmetrical similarity between the results and distinct point of the view are converging and similar in the overall analysis of Brazil destination’s competitiveness. Infrastructure, safety and security problems and unstable business environment are factors, which burden further T&T development in the country. From the point of view of opportunities, the analysis of the evolution of both views reveals and highlights important elements for the establishment of tourism competitiveness strategies for Brazil in base its potential.
Analyses the performance of competitiveness from its historical evolution; Compares two different methodologies for assessing the tourism competitiveness; It uses competitiveness studies as a methodology to evaluate the implementation of strategies in tourism; It serves as a basis for the evaluation of public tourism policies and definition of actions.
International Tourism Demand in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds Test Approach
Muntasir Murshed (2018). International Tourism Demand in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds Test Approach. Journal of Tourism Management Research, 5(1): 50-67. DOI: 10.18488/journal.31.2018.51.50.67
Tourism can somewhat be compared to the Cinderella industry, much because of its development being unattended despite having immense potentials in generating development within an economy. This paper aims to fill the gap in the literature by modeling tourist demand in Bangladesh as a function of its real fundamentals using time series data over the period 1980 to 2017. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) unit root tests along with the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach to cointegration and causality analyses are considered. The results reveal that the relative cost of living in Bangladesh and travel costs negatively affect international tourism demand while the relative cost of living in India, national income and exchange rate are found to be positively associated to tourism demand in Bangladesh. Moreover, long run causalities stemming from all the explanatory variables to tourism demand are also established in light of the statistical evidence found. Thus, it is pertinent for the government to escalate tourism development in Bangladesh which can also play a pivotal role in the diversification of the nation's export basket.
To the best of knowledge there is no empirical paper focusing on the international tourism sector of Bangladesh economy. This paper fills that gap by employing a multivariate framework to determine the demand side factors influencing tourism in Bangladesh.
The Impact of Destination Service Quality and Destination Environment on Tourist Satisfaction: A Field Study on Jordans Golden Triangle for Tourists Point of View
Feras Mohammad Bader , Abdelbaset Hasoneh , Saeda Afaneh , Salim .M. Khanfar (2018). The Impact of Destination Service Quality and Destination Environment on Tourist Satisfaction: A Field Study on Jordans Golden Triangle for Tourists Point of View. Journal of Tourism Management Research, 5(1): 23-49. DOI: 10.18488/journal.31.2018.51.23.49
The aim of this study was to explore the impact of service quality and destination environment on tourist satisfaction in Jordan’s Golden Triangle (Aqaba, Petra and Wadi Rum). A descriptive survey method was adopted in order to conduct the study. A questionnaire-based survey was developed on the basis of literature review and previous studies. Once validity and reliability of the questionnaire established, it was self-administered to a sample comprised 600 foreign tourists visiting the study area. Out of the distributed questionnaires, 374 were returned valid for statistical analysis purpose (response rate = 62.3%). The study underlined a statistically significant impact of service quality as well as its dimensions on tourist satisfaction and a statistically significant impact of destination environment and its dimensions on tourist satisfaction. In relation to differences among tourists in terms of their responses, the results pointed out that there were no statistically significant differences in tourists’ responses in favor of their personal data, except companionship.
A key contribution of this study is that examining the impact of service quality or destination environment on tourist satisfaction should be carried out by separated models since the simultaneous examination of the impact of these variables on tourist satisfaction will result in a non-significant impact of service quality on tourist satisfaction. Therefore, further research is required to test the impact among these variables.
Financial Efficiency of India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) Limited: An Empirical Study
Mohd Taqi , Mohd Ajmal , Mohd. Shamim Ansari (2018). Financial Efficiency of India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) Limited: An Empirical Study. Journal of Tourism Management Research, 5(1): 14-22. DOI: 10.18488/journal.31.2018.51.14.22
Tourism is one of the significant service sectors in India as it contributes about 9.6 per cent in Gross Domestic Production and the third largest foreign exchange earner for the country. The Government of India recognized this sector as an industry in 1986 and it became eligible for several incentives and facilities like tax incentives, subsidies etc. Further, the tourism industry was also declared as a priority sector for foreign investment in 1991. It is an important tool for employment generation, economic development and rural transformation. India is a country of vast geographical diversity which attracts tourists from all over the world throughout the year. A number of different groups, companies and organizations are operating in tourism sector like ITDC, Tata Group, Oberoi Group, ITC Ltd. etc. India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) is the leading public sector corporation and the prime mover in the progressive development, promotion and expansion of tourism in the country. Since, ITDC has been playing a vital role in the growth of tourism activities in the country, financial soundness and efficiency is prerequisite for such type of corporation engaged in development activities. Thus, it is important to investigate the operational activities and financial soundness of this corporation. The present study is an attempt to analyse the financial efficiency of ITDC in the context of its financial performance and operational activities from 2012-13 to 2016-17. The results indicated profitability and operational efficiency of this corporation found satisfactory during the study period. The study also concludes that ITDC is performing well in maintaining and developing tourism infrastructure and provide necessary facilities to the national and international tourist.
Assessing Competencies of Tourism Students through Poster Presentation: Evidence from Indonesia
Ilham Junaid (2018). Assessing Competencies of Tourism Students through Poster Presentation: Evidence from Indonesia. Journal of Tourism Management Research, 5(1): 1-13. DOI: 10.18488/journal.31.2018.51.1.13
This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of poster presentation in assessing the tourism students’ competencies. Three issues were investigated including the students’ responses, strengths and weaknesses and the students’ recommendation for more practical students’ learning. This research employed a case study approach (from July to December 2017) at Makassar Tourism Polytechnic, Indonesia. The study reveals that although students were worried about the implementation of poster presentation, the students were successfully participated in the examination through poster presentation. Three strengths were found including the students understand topics and sub-topics of a subject; link tourism concepts with the real context; and improve their self-confidence. This paper recommends the implementation of poster presentation for two reasons; 1) it supports the students to learn tourism concepts and issues independently; 2) it implements systematic ways including input (lecturer explains it), process (students prepare their poster), and output (students’ competencies).
The paper's primary contribution is finding that poster presentation has provided the opportunity for students to have intercultural competencies and sense of responsibility on environmental issues. Poster presentation is an option for teachers to assess the students’ competencies. It enables students to create and present poster through critical thinking.