International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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No. 3

Underlying Drivers that Influence Farmers’ Sustainable Adaptation Strategies

Pages: 181-193
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Underlying Drivers that Influence Farmers’ Sustainable Adaptation Strategies

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.181.193

Rulia Akhtar , Muhammad Mehedi Masud , Md. Sayed Uddin , Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye

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Rulia Akhtar , Muhammad Mehedi Masud , Md. Sayed Uddin , Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye (2020). Underlying Drivers that Influence Farmers’ Sustainable Adaptation Strategies. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 9(3): 181-193. DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.181.193
In order to minimize the adverse effects of climate change, appropriate adaptation strategies are paramount. Farmers' socio-demographic factors play a significant role in the selection of appropriate adaptation methods. However, there is a lack of empirical evidence on how farmers’ socio-demographic factors affect the choice of specific adaptation strategies to minimize the negative effects of climate change. This study explores what the main determinants are for farmers when choosing specific adaptation strategies in the context of local climate. Data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed using statistical tools. The study found that income level, education level and experience had a positive and significant influence on farmers’ choices of climate change adaptation strategies. This implies that well-educated, wealthy, and experienced farmers are able to adapt more easily. The results also showed that farmers are aware that climate change has affected livestock and land degradation, increased food costs, and increased rural-urban migration. These negative effects of climate change on ecosystem services and agricultural production in Malaysia could be barriers to achieving sustainable agricultural practices. Therefore, the findings bring new perspectives to policymakers when developing adaptation policies for farming communities in the Malaysian agricultural sector.
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The paper's primary contribution is finding that farmers' socio-demographic factors are necessary when choosing appropriate adaptation methods. Appropriate strategies to combat climate change can reduce adverse effects and protect farmers’ livelihoods in Malaysia.

Analysis of Total Factor Productivity Changes in Islamic and Conventional Banks: Empirical Evidence from Three Regions

Pages: 161-180
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Analysis of Total Factor Productivity Changes in Islamic and Conventional Banks: Empirical Evidence from Three Regions

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.161.180

Ribed Vianneca W. Jubilee , Fakarudin Kamarudin , Hafezali Iqbal Hussain , Ahmed Razman Abdul Latiff , Nurazilah Zainal

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Ribed Vianneca W. Jubilee , Fakarudin Kamarudin , Hafezali Iqbal Hussain , Ahmed Razman Abdul Latiff , Nurazilah Zainal (2020). Analysis of Total Factor Productivity Changes in Islamic and Conventional Banks: Empirical Evidence from Three Regions. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 9(3): 161-180. DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.161.180
The objective of this study is to examine total factor productivity changes (TFPCH) in Islamic and conventional banks to determine whether they exhibit progression or regression. As earlier studies have focused mainly on productivity in conventional banks rather than Islamic banks, the current study aims to bridge the gap in the literature by investigating both types of bank in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and South Asia. A total of 385 Islamic and conventional banks from 18 countries were selected, with data acquired for the period from 2008 to 2017. Panel data analysis was undertaken using DEA-based MPI to investigate the impact of selected determinants of banks’ productivity, as indicated by TFPCH. The results from both the t-test and nonparametric tests revealed that Islamic banks are more productive than conventional banks, which can be attributed to the increase in efficiency changes. However, no statistically significant difference in productivity exists between the types of bank. The main contribution of this study is that it provides not only corroboration for previous studies but also additional insight into bank productivity in Islamic and conventional banks, which will be important to banks, regulators, investors, and researchers.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few that have investigated the level of productivity in Islamic and conventional banks sector. It specifically focuses on countries in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and South Asia, which are representative of global Islamic banking and finance.

Mediating Effect of Integrated Systems on the Relationship between Supply Chain Management Practices and Public Healthcare Performance: Structural Equation Modeling

Pages: 148-160
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Mediating Effect of Integrated Systems on the Relationship between Supply Chain Management Practices and Public Healthcare Performance: Structural Equation Modeling

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.148.160

Aamir Rashid Hashmi , Noor Aina Amirah , Yusnita Yusof

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Aamir Rashid Hashmi , Noor Aina Amirah , Yusnita Yusof (2020). Mediating Effect of Integrated Systems on the Relationship between Supply Chain Management Practices and Public Healthcare Performance: Structural Equation Modeling. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 9(3): 148-160. DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.148.160
The performance of public healthcare facilities is critical, due to the impact on human lives. However, in Punjab, the infant and maternal mortality rates are 88 per 1000 and 227 per 100,000, respectively, while Pakistan ranks 149th in healthcare worldwide. Against these figures, the targets set in the 2018 Public Health Sector Plan, Building a Healthier Punjab seem overoptimistic. Hence, this study aimed to determine the mediating effect of integrated systems on the relationship between supply chain management practices and healthcare performance. Adopting a quantitative methodology, a survey questionnaire administered to 200 respondents, selected through cluster sampling from a target population 2899 in Punjab. SPSS and AMOS were used for the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and structural equation modeling. Following validation of the measurement model, structural equation modeling found integrated systems exerted a significant and full mediating on the supply chain management practices–healthcare performance relationship. The indications are, therefore, that integrated systems and efficient supply chain management practices enhance patients care while minimizing healthcare costs. These findings should be useful to both public and private healthcare facilities, as well as other public organizations and supply chain professionals, by providing a fuller understanding of the issues. Future research studies could further broaden this knowledge through an investigation into the impact of backlog inventories on financial performance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few investigating the mediating effect of integrated systems on the relationship between supply chain management practices and healthcare performance. The study also contributes a second-order construct model, identifying the dimensions within those constructs, to the existing literature.

Fostering Supply Chain Integration through Blockchain Technology: A Study of Malaysian Manufacturing Sector

Pages: 135-147
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Fostering Supply Chain Integration through Blockchain Technology: A Study of Malaysian Manufacturing Sector

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.135.147

Mobashar Mubarik , Raja Zuraidah binti Raja Mohd Rasi , Muhamamad Faraz Mubarak

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Mobashar Mubarik , Raja Zuraidah binti Raja Mohd Rasi , Muhamamad Faraz Mubarak (2020). Fostering Supply Chain Integration through Blockchain Technology: A Study of Malaysian Manufacturing Sector. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 9(3): 135-147. DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.135.147
The study aims to identify the role of the blockchain-based supply chain in supply chain integration. The study also aims to investigate the role of various factors that possibly mediate the relationship between blockchain-based supply chain management and supply chain integration. The study adopted a twofold mixed-method approach—sequential explanatory— to attain the objectives. In the first phase, data were collected from Malaysian electrical and electronic firms, and by applying PLS-SEM, hypothesized relationships were examined. In the second phase, through a qualitative study, the results of the first phase are discussed with the industry experts to seek their expert opinion. In doing so, the semi-structured interview from seven experts, selected through purposive sampling, were conducted. The findings of both inquiries reveal that blockchain technology has significant potential to enhance the integration between numerous actors in multi-level supply chains while ensuring the transparency and traceability in the transactions. Moreover, the findings reveal that certain pre-requisites are missing at the moment in the Malaysian manufacturing sector, which are inevitable to be met, before implementing the block-chain based supply chain. Sophisticated infrastructure which could suffice the blockchain-based technologies implementation in supply chains and the absorptive capacity is prominent amongst them. Consequently, it is recommended that appropriate training should be given to employees in order to cater to the requirement of the technical skills needed to handle such advanced technology. Further, continuous infrastructural investments should be made to implement blockchain-based technology in the business ecosystem of Malaysia at the government level.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the literature on BDSCM in two ways. First, taking experts from the major industries of Malaysia, this study unveils the potential of BDSCM in transmuting the efficiencies of Malaysian firms. Secondly, the study unleashes the role of BDSCM in supply chain integration.